Water is the elixir of life and it covers around 70 percent of the surface of the earth. Though water is omnipresent, not all of it is drinkable. Most of the water sources are so polluted that drinking it could lead to severe waterborne diseases. Several years ago, boiling water was the best way to get rid of all the contaminants and get access to safe drinking water. However, in today’s world, water contamination has been so severe that boiling it doesn’t make it safe for drinking. So, it’s important to look for other water purification methods.
In the recent past, the below-discussed methods have been the most effective for purifying water for drinking purposes.
RO Water Purification
The Reverse Osmosis (RO) water purification process is used to remove contaminants such as pathogens, bacteria, cysts, dissolved impurities, fluoride and selenium. It is one of the most used purification methods in modern-day water purifiers. These purifiers contain an RO membrane that helps in the purification process by allowing only water to pass and trapping all the microbes and harmful chemicals. Thus, it separates water from harmful chemicals and germs.
There’s a common misconception that RO purifiers reduce the TDS (Total Dissolved Solids) levels of purified water to dangerously low levels. However, this is not the case as most of the RO purifiers come equipped with a TDS controller as well, which helps in regulating the TDS level of water. So, you don’t have to think twice before investing in RO purifiers. Once you buy it, it’s important to avail water purifier service regularly through an AMC so that it functions with utmost efficiency.
UV Water Purification
Ultra-Violet (UV) is a water purification technology in which micro-organisms are deactivated and water becomes safe for drinking. Such purifiers generally come with a steel chamber with a small UV lamp. The water flows through this chamber and gets exposed to ultra-violet rays. These light rays deactivate waterborne pathogens and bacteria to make the water safe for drinking.
The DNA of the cysts, viruses, and bacteria are disrupted by the UV light and then get disabled. If the DNA of the microorganisms is damaged, then they cannot function or reproduce. Around 99 percent of the micro-organisms are killed in water through this purification process.
UF Water Purification
Ultra-Filtration (UF) is a process of water purification where water is filtered by passing it through a semipermeable membrane. The technology is almost similar to that of the RO membrane. The impurities such as bacteria, germs, pathogens and particulate matter are trapped and removed by the semipermeable membrane, and water becomes pure to drink safely.
In this kind of purification, solutes and suspended solids of high molecular weight are not allowed to pass through the UF membrane. This helps in eradicating the impurities without the need for any kind of chemicals.
Water can be made germ-free and clean by using these three purification technologies in the water purifier. However, to choose the best kind of purifier out of these three, it’s important that you get the water at home tested so that you can invest in a purifier that is apt for purifying the impurities present in the water.
A purifier that has a combination of RO, UV and UF filters along with a TDS controller could be your best bet as such purifiers can purify all kinds of water and give you 100% safe drinking water. Opt for the best kind of water purifier based on your needs and once you buy, ensure to get water purifier service done on a regular basis so that this wonderful appliance can serve you for several years without any kind of hassle.